Our favorite works from the Museum of Fine Arts

It is said that art represents real life, that art is a mirror to show the past.
There are a lot of things that happened here in the past and there have always been artists who wanted to record it. For example: how the Giralda tower survived an earthquake, or how the women used to work at the tobacco factory...

There are so many works in our Museum of Fine Arts to see and interpret. We chose some of our favourite works to show you. We hope you enjoy them and that you want to admire them in real life one day; in sunny Seville!


1.    Manuel García y Rodríguez (1863-1925): Jardines del Alcázar de Sevilla, 1921


Manuel García y Rodríguez was a painter, born in Seville in 1863. He began painting in the style of the School of Fine Arts of Seville with other young Sevillian artists. This work shows the gardens of the Alcazar of Seville. It's a real marvel. You can almost imagine you're there. The majority of the works of Manuel García and Rodríguez are interpretations of Seville or inspired by it and the landscape of the province. He uses the Guadalquivir River several times. The style he used is called Orientalism.



2.    Francisco Zurbarán (1598-1664): La Virgen de las Cuevas, 1655

Zubrbarán was a religous painter and friend of Velázquez. He was influenced by Caravaggio and tried to evolve his style to the style of the great masters from Italy.
Each element of this work has something special. It represents the originally medieval iconigraphy with friars being protected by the Holy Virgin. It's a simple work, but there are also a lot of details like the draping of the clothes, the faces and their expressions, and how the Virgin bids protection.



3.    Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (1617-1682): Inmaculada Concepción, la Niña, 1668-1669

Bartolomé Murillo was a naturalism painter but changed his style to Baroque. The majority of his paintings have a religious theme. This painting depicts an immaculate figure. The painter created several versions of this work with different women. The way this was painted is very gracious and elegant. It's an extraordinary example of the Rococco style. There are so many details like the draping of the clothes, the little angels, the facial expression, the clouds,... It truly is a work of art.


4.    Gonzalo Bilbao (1860-1938): Las Cigarreras, 1915

Gonzalo Bilbao was a Costumbrismo painter. Costumbrismo is a style that deals with typical regional or national customs. This painting describes how the women used to work in the royal tobacco factory in Seville. There are several women who are making the cigars, and there is even an woman with her child. The painter wanted to show th real working conditions of these working women. 



5.    Pedro Millán (al final del siglo XV): Llanto por Cristo Muerto, 1490

This work is a sculptural gem. It presents a composition of people mourning the death of Christ. It is a tradition to show Our Lady passing out in sight of her dead son. There are many interpretations with this theme of Pieta (mercy). It always shows Our Lady and Jesus Christ present.



6.    Francisco Zurbarán (1598-1664): San Gregorio Magno, siglo XVII)

This work is another one by Zurbarán. And it is also religious. This painting is one Great Church Fathers series. Saint Gregory is known as the great for the great deeds he did. We also know him from Gregorian chants.


7.    Valeriano Domínguez Bécquer (1836-1870): Retrato de Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, 1862

This painting is very famous thanks to the literature books of the institute. Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer is known from the romantic period. His works are rhymes and legends and are an essential part of Spanish literature. This painting is painted by his brother Valeriano. Spanish people can recognize this portrait from banknotes: it was used for the 100 pesetas from 1965 to 1970. Gustavo also has a sculpture in the María Luisa park.


8.    Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (1617-1682): Santas Justa y Rufina, 1665-1666

This painting is also by Bartolomé Murillo, and is also religious. The two saints carry the Giralda. The significance of this work is that the saints Justa and Rufina protected the Giralda during an earthquake in 1504. The cathedral and the Giralda did not collapse because they were protected by the saints. 
Justa and Rufina were two Sevillian sisters and are revered as saints, especially in Seville because they protect the cathedral and the Giralda. Seville station is called Santa Justa too.



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