Expo 1929

The Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 was an international exhibition that took place in Seville in 1929 and aimed to strengthen relations between the countries of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) with the countries of Latin America and the United States, although other countries, such as Morocco, Macao and Gulf of Guinea also participated.

The idea of ​​this exhibition was born with the proposal of Luis Rodríguez Caso, artillery commander, in 1909. This one was very well received, since the possibility of an urban reform was foreseen, to promote tourism, create jobs and improve relations with other countries.

The exhibition was scheduled for the 1st of April in 1911 but it was delayed until 1914, coinciding with the construction of the fluvial work of the Corta de Tablada. Due to problems of an international nature, such as the First World War or the problems in Spanish Morocco, together with internal problems regarding the management of the event, it was delayed until 1929, almost at the end of Primo de Rivera's dictatorship.

The realization of this ambitious project received the great support of King Alfonso XIII, in love with the city that would host the event and very involved in its development.

I love Seville very much and, as long as it is in my hands, I will do so in gratitude for that beautiful city.”

Alfonso XIII.

Countries that participated

Pavilions and nowadays

  1. Argentina (Dance School)
  2. Brazil (Vice-rectorate Universidad of Seville)
  3. Chile (School of Applied Arts and Artistic Trades)
  4. Guatemala (Dance School)
  5. Uruguay (Administration of the University of Seville)
  6. Peru (Superior Council of Scientific Investigations)
  7. Colombia (Consulate of Colombia)
  8. Mexico (Vice-rectorate of Postgraduate and Doctorate of the Universidad of Seville)
  9. Cuba (Andalusian Agency for International Cooperation for Development)
  10. Portugal (Consulate of Portugal)
  11. USA (Valentín Madariaga Foundation Museum)
  12. Santo Domingo and the Dominican Republic (Roads of the State of Andalusia)

Temporary Pavilions

  1. Venezuela
  2. Macao
  3. El salvador
  4. Panamá
  5. Costa Rica
  6. Bolivia
  7. Ecuador
  8. Morrocco
  9. Gulf of Guinea

Other pavilions and nowadays

  • Plaza de España or Spain Square (municipal offices, General Captaincy, Military Museum)
  • Domecq Pavilion (headquarters of Musical Youth)
  • Mudéjar Pavilion (Museum Of Art and Customs)
  • Royal Pavilion (municipal offices)
  • Pavilion of Seville (Theatre Lope de Vega)
  • Fine Arts Pavilion (Archeologic Museum)
  • Information Pavilion (Restaurant “La Raza”)
  • Press Pavilion (Public School)
  • Quinta de Goya (Bar Citroën)
  • Casino of the Exposition (cultural space)
  • Red Cross Pavilion (Ministry of Health)

De entre todos los pabellones, destacan aquellos que se encuentran en el interior de los Jardines de María Luisa:

  • Spain Square or Plaza de España

It was the most ambitious project of the exhibition, designed by Aníbal González and the beginning of its construction was from 1914 to 1929. Being the first brick placed by the King Alfonso XIII.

After the resignation of Aníbal González in 1926, Vicente Traver took over, adding to the original design of the fountain that is now in the centre of the square. There, it took place the opening ceremony of the Exhibition.

With the design, there were some issues that did not satisfy everyone. For example, the towers were going to be way taller, but this idea was discarded since they could not compete with the Giralda. Another question that is much discussed is the placement of the estuary around the centre of the square, since it was not morally correct since the city has suffered from drought on many occasions.

It is one of the greatest examples of regionalist style in Spain and it has been the scene of some films like: Star Wars Episode II: The War of the Clones in 2002, The Wind and the Lion of 1975 or The Dictator in 2012.

It is necessary to add that, after the exhibition, the goal of the square was to be used by the University of Seville or they even thought of doing a hotel, but finally it ended up being the headquarters of the military government, serving as location for General Captaincy. Years later, it would also house the Central Government of Andalusia and the Military Museum.

It was of the most visited monuments in Seville, next to the Royal Alcazar, the Cathedral Saint Mary of the See and the Golden Tower.

  • Royal Pavilion or Gothic Pavilion

Built between 1911 and 1916 by Aníbal González, in a Gothic style. It was built with the intention that, during the exhibition, it would house the art collection of the Royal House.

In the access entrance, on pedestals, six eagles in stone holding shields of the Spanish monarchy: Señorío de Vizcaya, Kingdom of Spain, Duchy of Burgundy and Tuscany, Señorío de Molina and Kingdom of Jerusalem.

After the exhibition, the pavilion was used as municipal offices. In 2014 it was decided to install in it a museum with the art collection of Mariano Bellver, art collector and patron of Seville. Although the project has not yet been finished.

  • Fine Arts Pavilion or Renaissance Pavilion

Current Archaeological Museum. Built between 1912 and 1919 in a neo-Renaissance style and since 1942 it functions as a museum. Free for european citizens.

Inside we can find numerous works of Roman origin from the first Roman civilization established in Spain, Itálica, just 10 minutes from the capital and which was built in 206 BC by the Emperor Scipio, known as "The African".

  • Mudéjar Pavilion

Built between 1913 and 1914. During the exhibition, it was the Pavilion of Ancient Art or decorative industries and arts. It is called Mudéjar Pavilion for its decorative and architectural style.

Since 1973, it has housed the Museum of Arts and Customs of Seville. Free for european citizens.

 

 

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